SACRED CHRONOLOGY – VERSION 7.0
For the Scriptures to be of practical value and meaningful, they must be understood in the context of the real-time history in which they were written. The Scriptures out of context are just a pretext. Yahweh’s Sacred Chronology allows us to see the Scriptures through the eyes and lives of the great men and women of faith who lived during Bible times. It is time to write up my Scripture chronology research of the last six years. In Version 7.0 of my Sacred Chronology spreadsheet, I believe I’ve covered every major anchor date needed to follow Yahweh’s Scriptural chronology through the dimension of time. My humble work stands on the shoulders of some of the greatest chronology researchers and scholars in Christian history. The Scriptures are the inerrant Word of Yahweh and provide a unique chronology of human history unparalleled in the secular realm of literature. No other book on earth declares the truth of the future from the factual truth of the past. The Scriptures are the ultimate authority for faith and practice, including chronological truth. All other profane, pagan, or secular chronologies must submit to the authority of the Scriptures. If there is a conflict of dates between the profane and the sacred chronologies, the profane must submit and come into alignment with dates in the Holy Scriptures.
One thing you will notice in the Sacred Chronology, the Scriptures speak of a span of time to the end of 7,000 years of human history on earth. Yahweh has divided man’s history into lengthy blocks of time, beginning with blocks of approximately 2,000 years each. 2,000 years from Adam’s creation to Abram, the age of the Patriarchs. About 2,000 years of the tribes or nation of Israel to our Master Yeshua’s life. About 2,000 years to the beginning of the Millennial reign of the Messiah on earth, known as the Christian or Gentile dispensation or age of grace. Our history on earth ends with the 1,000-year Millennial reign of Yeshua HaMashiach, Jesus Christ, from Jerusalem. After about 7,000 years of human history, Yahweh promises New Heavens and a New Earth.
CREATION TO THE FLOOD
So, let’s start at the beginning, the Book of Genesis, with the creation of the first Adam, in creation year 1, to the Flood of Noah in creation year 1657. The early genealogies are found in Genesis chapter five. Let us keep in mind that the Bible deals only with completed years and not with fractions of years. Also, there is no such thing as a year zero in any calendar system, neither at the creation nor between BCE and CE years. Most scholars from Archbishop Ussher forward add up the patriarch’s age at the birth of their son to come up with the Flood occurring in 1656. In order for their chronology to appear to work, they must make a creation year 0 equal Adam’s year 1, which breaks a basic principle of calendars, no year zero. I declare that we cannot make Adam 1 year old until year 2 of creation. See my spreadsheet, year 1, for further explanation of birthdays, but for now let me tell you why. If you make creation year 1 equal Adam’s year 1, and continue that method with each of the early patriarchs, where Seth’s birth year equals his 1st year, etc., on through Noah, this method fails in that Methuselah ends up dying 2 years AFTER the Flood, instead of in the year of the Flood!! Also, using this faulty concept results in the Flood occurring in the year 1647. One way to FORCE the Flood to occur in 1656 is to make a creation year 0 equal Adam’s year 1, but then for the other early patriarchs, revert to them turning 1 year old in the year AFTER their birth year, which apparently is the method used by Ussher, which again, breaks the principle of no year zero. I’ve pressed for consistency in my application of creation and birth years for the early patriarchs; they all turn 1 year old in the year after their creation/birth. Using this logical and consistent method, the Flood naturally occurs in 1657, without twisting or forcing the Scriptures to say something they don’t actually say. Let’s show a little chart to demonstrate the difference between Archbishop Ussher’s method versus my method:
USSHER’S CREATION YEAR
PER USSHER, PATRIARCH’S AGE AT SON’S BIRTH
GENE’S CREATION SOLAR YEAR
PER GENE, PATRIARCH’S AGE AT SON’S BIRTH
182NOAH’S AGE AT FLOOD
600 YEAR OF FLOOD
Ok, so we’ve made it to the Flood of Noah without twisting Scripture or breaking basic principles. Noah was in the big boat for 1 year, taking us to 1658. Then, we must consider when Shem’s son Arphaxad was born. Arphaxad was born when Shem was 100 years old, Genesis 11:10, “This is the genealogy of Shem: Shem was one hundred years old, and begot Arphaxad two years after the flood.” Eugene Faulstich interpreted Genesis 11:10 to mean two years after the Flood ended. I agree with the logic of Mr. Faulstich, because the Bible deals with completed years only, meaning the Flood ended in 1658, so Arphaxad was born in 1660 and turned 1 year old in 1661.
May I insert another interesting anchor date here? Adam turned 930 years old in creation year 931. 931 divided by 49 = 19 Jubilee Years. Adam died in the 19th Jubilee Year from his creation! Was Adam’s life prophetic? Yes!
FLOOD TO ABRAM’S BIRTH
The next major step in the Sacred Chronology is getting to Abram’s birth year from two years after the Flood ended in 1658. To do that we simply continue the genealogy of Shem, found in Genesis 11:10 and following. Here’s a little chart to bring us to Abram’s birth:
GENE’S CREATION SOLAR YEAR
PER GENE, PATRIARCH’S AGE AT SON’S BIRTHARPHAXAD BORN
Notice, we show Terah is 130 years old at Abram’s birth. Uh oh, what does Genesis 11:26 say? “Now Terah lived seventy years, and begot Abram, Nahor, and Haran.” How do we come up with 130 years of age for Terah when Abram is born when the Scriptures clearly show he was only 70? Well, that is Archbishop Ussher’s greatest contribution to Sacred Chronology. You must read and understand Genesis 11:30 – 12:4 as one contiguous story, “But Sarai was barren; she had no child. 31And Terah took his son Abram and his grandson Lot, the son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram’s wife, and they went out with them from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to the land of Canaan; and they came to Haran and dwelt there. 32So the days of Terah were two hundred and five years, and Terah died in Haran. 1Now Yahweh had said to Abram: “Get out of your country, from your family and from your father’s house, to a land that I will show you. 2I will make you a great nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing. 3I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” 4So Abram departed as Yahweh had spoken to him, and Lot went with him. And Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran.” If Abram was 75 when his dad Terah died at the age of 205, then Terah was 130 when Abram was born. One of Abram’s brothers was born when Terah was 70, just not Abram. For further confirmation of this, read Stephen’s sermon in Acts 7:2-4, “And he said, “Brethren and fathers, listen: The Mighty One of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Haran, 3and said to him, ‘Get out of your country and from your relatives, and come to a land that I will show you.’ 4Then he came out of the land of the Chaldeans and dwelt in Haran. And from there, when his father was dead, He moved him to this land in which you now dwell.” Now we are 2010 years into the Sacred Chronology, without twisting or misinterpreting the Scriptures, but only rightly dividing the Word of Truth. Abram’s birth year is another anchor date in Sacred Chronology. Abram was born after 2009 completed creation years. 2009 divided by 49 = 41 Jubilees. Abram was conceived during a Jubilee year! Was Abram’s life prophetic? Yes!
ABRAM’S BIRTH TO THE EXODUS
Now, we must follow the Hebrew history from Abram to the Exodus, the next major anchor date in Sacred Chronology. Many believe that we should count the 430 years to the Exodus and Mosaic covenant from Abram’s 75th year when Yahweh promised him the land. But I disagree. Yahweh had made promises to Abram in Genesis 12. Abram obeyed Yahweh and even built altars to Yahweh and called on His name, but ABRAM WAS NOT YET IN KINGDOM FAITH with Yahweh. You don’t see Abram’s faith exhibited until Genesis 15, when the Abrahamic covenant was truly instituted, and Abram was declared righteous by Yahweh. So, Abram was 85 years old in Genesis 15 when he finally believed Yahweh! In Genesis 15, Yahweh DID NOT cut the covenant of blood with Abram, until Abram believed in Him. Verse 6, “And he believed in Yahweh, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.” How do we know Abram was 85 when the blood Covenant was cut by Yahweh? Just follow the redemption story to Genesis 16:3, “Then Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar her maid, the Egyptian, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan.” Abram left Haran when he was 75, sojourned in Canaan for 10 years, then Yahweh cut the blood Covenant with Abram, then Abram impregnated Hagar in his 85th year. Ishmael was then born in his 86th year, per Genesis 16:16, “Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.” Since the Kingdom life is by faith and the covenant with Yahweh is by faith, this is when I begin the 430-year countdown to the Exodus, Abram’s 85th year. Galatians 3:17, “And this I say, that the law, which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by Yahweh in Messiah, that it should make the promise of no effect.” The promises of Yahweh do you no good if you don’t believe Him and believe in His Son, Yeshua, the Messiah. Exodus 12:40-41, “Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived (sojourned) in (Canaan and) Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. 41And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years—on that very same day—it came to pass that all the armies of Yahweh went out from the land of Egypt.” As clarified in the Septuagint, the sojourn of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the land of Canaan is included in the 430 years sojourning of the children of Israel to the Exodus.
Is there a way to confirm the year of the Exodus? Yes, there are actually a couple ways. Read Genesis 15:13, “Then He said to Abram: “Know certainly that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them, and they will afflict them four hundred years.” Again, what did Stephen add to this? Acts 7:6, “But Yahweh spoke in this way: that his descendants would dwell in a foreign land, and that they would bring them into bondage and oppress them four hundred years.” How do we know when this 400-year period should start? Abram was born in creation year 2010, plus 85 years to the faith covenant, plus 430 years sojourn to the Exodus, brings us to creation year 2525 as the year of the Exodus. 2525 minus 400 years takes us back to 2125, when Abraham was 115 and Isaac was 15 years old. Why is this year of 2125 important? Read Genesis 22, Abraham’s test of faith when he “sacrificed” Isaac!! Isaac was a young man, strong enough to carry the wood for the burnt offering. Both Abraham and Isaac exhibited faith that day! Since the 430 and 400 years must end at the Exodus, we see that the Genesis 22 story of sacrificial covenant faith fits the Sacred Chronology perfectly! Many thanks to Noel Rude, for his insight regarding where the 400 years of affliction enter into Sacred Chronology. Now, we have arrived at the Exodus in creation year 2525, one of the most argued over anchor years in Sacred Chronology. And guess what, 2525, the year of the Exodus, just “happens” to be a year 7 in the Sabbatical year cycles. Beginning on Yom Kippur, 2525, Israel was going to enjoy a Sabbath rest year, in the wilderness!! Coincidence? I don’t believe so. We simply rightly divided the Word of Truth. The first 70 years in Egypt were good, blessed years for Israel, until Joseph died. Then they endured about 155 years of slavery! After that, they needed to re-learn the Sabbath days and 7th-year Sabbatical rest years in the wilderness!!
What’s another way to confirm the year of the Exodus? What Yahweh has recently revealed to me, as a friend piqued my interest in restudying the book of Joshua, is that the beginning and ending days of the MANNA miracle actually confirm the year 2525 as the year of the Exodus. You may want to read my recent blog post titled Exodus – Absolute Dates to find out how Yahweh confirmed the year of the Exodus to me. Go here to check it out: http://ourdailydrink.wordpress.com/2011/12/19/exodus-absolute-dates/ For more insight and detail on Yahweh’s revelation to me about the Exodus dates, see my blog article The Second Sunday, referred to in the article above: http://ourdailydrink.wordpress.com/2011/12/04/the-second-sunday/
Let’s see if I can summarize my recent findings. Using the excellent astronomically accurate calendar conversion program developed by the Chronology History Research Institute, I began looking for Hebrew years wherein the 16th day of the 2nd month, a Sunday, in the Exodus year found in Exodus chapter 16, synchronized with the 16th day of the 1st month, a Sabbath, in the year of the Jordan River Crossing found in Joshua 5:10-12, the beginning and ending of the Manna miracle. It took many hours to check double dates. The combination of years had to be adequate to go from the Exodus, through the wilderness wanderings, Joshua’s judgeship, Elders rule, many judges, many oppressors, Samuel, Saul, David, and the first 3 years of Solomon’s reign to get to the building of the first Temple in Solomon’s 4th year as king of Israel!!! Those requirements really narrowed down the possible combination years. I only found one combination of years that worked for the Exodus, and the Manna beginning on 2-16-2525, required to be a Sunday, or first day of the week, to help Israel get re-synchronized with Yahweh’s Sabbath day, and 1-16-2565, 40 years later, had to be a Sabbath, or 7th day, when Manna ceased, according to the Scriptures. I found that creation years 2525 and 2565 are the only combination of years that work!! The Exodus occurred in 2525, or 1584 BCE, and Joshua and the children of Israel crossed the Jordan River in 2565, or 1544 BCE. Yahweh hid the clues in His Word, I just had to dig those nuggets up and reveal them to the world!!
What is the significance of 2525 being a year 7 in the known Sabbatical year cycles? Well, I’ve built many chronology spreadsheets over the last six years and one of the greatest stumbling blocks I’ve had was what year did the children of Israel celebrate the first Sabbatical year in the Promised Land? Most chronologists’ timelines just did not offer an adequate year for the first Sabbatical year in the Land, according to Leviticus 25:1-4, “And Yahweh spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, 2“Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall keep a sabbath to Yahweh. 3Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit; 4but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to Yahweh. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.” Well, in Joshua 14:10 we see that Caleb turned 85 years old in the 7th year in the land, “And now, behold, Yahweh has kept me alive, as He said, these forty-five years, ever since Yahweh spoke this word to Moses while Israel wandered in the wilderness; and now, here I am this day, eighty-five years old.” What this tells us is that the first 6 to 7 years in the Land were spent in warfare, not agricultural activity. But, after just three more years, during which there was plenty of time to build houses and organize and clear some farmland, we come to the 49th year after the Exodus, the FIRST Jubilee after the Exodus!! That year I declare would be the most logical 7th year Sabbatical rest year in the land, which of course was also the first Jubilee Year, from which to begin counting official Sabbatical Year cycles. It would be very unlikely for the Israelites to have produced food for 6 years before that first Jubilee after the Exodus, because of warfare while conquering Canaan. Year 1 of the first recognized and observed Sabbatical cycle would logically begin the year AFTER this FIRST Jubilee Year! It would have been a simple matter to count 49 years from the Exodus, so the Israelites would have known which year was the FIRST Jubilee year. The 7th year, which was also the FIRST Jubilee after the Exodus, would not qualify as the first Sabbatical year, according to the Torah teaching of Leviticus 25, because they had not produced crops for the previous 6 years, but they certainly would have begun counting Sabbatical years the year AFTER that FIRST Jubilee! Does that not make sense? And we do not have to force the Scriptures or the timeline for this to naturally occur. Seven years after that first Jubilee from the Exodus would then be the first officially observed Sabbatical year in the newly conquered Holy Land! This is the first timeline that I have built that naturally and logically fulfills the requirements of Leviticus 25.
EXODUS TO THE TEMPLE CONSTRUCTION
The next major step in the Sacred Chronology of redemption takes us from the Exodus in 2525 to the building of Solomon’s Temple, our next anchor date. You will notice that 2525, or 1584 BCE, is 604 years before 3128, or 981 BCE, the 4th year of Solomon, when he began to build the first Temple. 1 Kings 6:1, “And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, that he began to build the house (Temple) of Yahweh.” Inside that 480-year period, you must have 40 years in the wilderness after the Exodus, 6 or 7 years of Joshua and Israel conquering Canaan, and then about 450 years of judges, including elders that ruled Israel right after Joshua died, plus all the judges including 20 years of Samson, 40 years of Eli, and 20 years of Samuel, not to mention 40 years of Saul, 40 years of David, and 3 years of Solomon, to get to Solomon’s 4th year, when he laid the foundation of the Temple of Yahweh. Paul explained the 450 years in Acts 13:17-20, “The Mighty One of this people Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an uplifted arm He brought them out of it. 18Now for a time of about forty years He put up with their ways in the wilderness. 19And when He had destroyed seven nations in the land of Canaan, He distributed their land to them by allotment. 20“After that He gave them judges for about four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.” Obviously, 480 solar years is not enough time for all that Israeli history to happen. Here’s a little chart to show you how I arrive at the 4th year of Solomon:
NAME OF JUDGE
RECKONED JUDGE YEARS
SUM OF SOLAR YEARS
EXODUS IS YEAR 1
40JOSHUA (WARS & INHERITANCE)
420PHILISTINES (40-20 of Samson’s years)
440SAMSON (DURING PHILISTINES)