The Exodus Audit
Now, we’re going to look at the timeline of the Exodus Passover judgment on Egypt event to see if it supports a type and shadow of a pre-tribulation Rapture/Resurrection or a post-tribulation Rapture/Resurrection. We know from Numbers 33:3 that Israel left Egypt on Nisan 15, about 1447 BCE. “They departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the day after the Passover [always on the 14th of Nisan] the children of Israel went out with boldness in the sight of all the Egyptians.” Now, let’s go back to when Moses returned to Egypt, and follow the story day by day to see if the events line up with the holy days.
Day 1, Adar 23, about 1447 BCE. We read about Moses’ call in Exodus 3 – 4:28, then of Moses and Aaron’s return to Egypt in verses 29-31, “Then Moses and Aaron went [back to Egypt] and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel. 30And Aaron spoke all the words which Yahweh had spoken to Moses. Then he did the signs in the sight of the people. 31So the people believed; and when they heard that Yahweh had visited the children of Israel and that He had looked on their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshiped.” Immediately after this worship service, Aaron and Moses went in before Pharaoh and demanded that he let the children of Israel go, Exodus 5:1, “Afterward Moses and Aaron went in and told Pharaoh, “Thus says Yahweh Mighty One of Israel: ‘Let My people go, that they may hold a feast to Me in the wilderness.’” Instead of letting them go, Pharaoh increased their workload in Exodus 5:6-7ff, “So the same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people and their officers, saying, 7“You shall no longer give the people straw to make brick as before. Let them go and gather straw for themselves.” Moses’ return to Egypt is a type of Messiah’s return to earth at the JESUS ADVENT 2.0. Adar 23 from this historical story parallels Elul 23 in future prophecy. Is not Elul 23(23rd day of the 6th Hebrew month) an unknown day and hour on which we do not expect to see our Master’s second coming? Notice that Yahweh did not speak to Moses on day 1, and it did not go so well for Israel. So day 1 in the Exodus story is found in Exodus 4:29-5:13. There were no plagues on day 1, Adar 23.
Day 2, Adar 24, 1447 BCE. In Exodus 5:14 we see the transition from day 1 to day 2, “Also the officers of the children of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten and were asked, “Why have you not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and today, as before?”” The children of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron in verses 20-21, “Then, as they [officers of Israel] came out from Pharaoh, they met Moses and Aaron who stood there to meet them. 21And they said to them, “Let Yahweh look on you and judge, because you have made us abhorrent in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to kill us.”” Moses immediately went to prayer before Yahweh, verses 22-23, “So Moses returned to Yahweh and said, “Lord, why have You brought trouble on this people? Why is it You have sent me? 23For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he has done evil to this people; neither have You delivered Your people at all.”” After Moses prayed, Yahweh spoke to him again in chapter 6, then we read in verses 28-29, “And it came to pass, on the day Yahweh spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, 29that Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, “I am Yahweh. Speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say to you.”” You Bible chronology students check out Exodus 7:7. Moses and Aaron go in before Pharaoh again on day 2, Exodus 7:10, “So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh, and they did so, just as Yahweh commanded. And Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it became a serpent.” Of course, Pharaoh’s magicians counterfeited Yahweh’s miracle in verses 11-12 (see 2 Tim. 3:8), but Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods. Pharaoh hardened his heart in verse 13. Yahweh spoke on day 2, Adar 24, but there were no plagues on Adar 24.
Day 3, Adar 25, 1447 BCE. Yahweh told Moses to meet Pharaoh at the banks of the Nile river on the morning of day 3, Exodus 7:15, “Go to Pharaoh in the morning, when he goes out to the water, and you shall stand by the river’s bank to meet him; and the rod which was turned to a serpent you shall take in your hand.” Moses struck the river and turned all the water in Egypt to blood, verses 17-21. This is plague judgment number 1 against Egypt, blood. In verse 22 the Egyptian magicians again counterfeited the miracle of Yahweh and Pharaoh again hardened his heart.
Days 4 – 10, Adar 26 through Nisan 2, nothing is recorded in Scripture about events of these 7 days. Take a look at Exodus 7:25, “And seven days passed after Yahweh had struck the river.” It is possible that Yahweh had Moses and Israel celebrate a 7-day New Moon Festival that year, while the Egyptians began to get really thirsty and dug new wells for water!! Yahweh seems to give Himself a week, one shabuwa, to work with in prophecy. If you take these 7 days and add the first 3 days of this Exodus story, which include Moses’ [Yeshua’s] return and first plague judgment on Egypt/earth, you have a powerful 10-day picture of the JESUS ADVENT 2.0. We may see in Exodus 7:25, the mystery of Yeshua’s robe dipped in blood from Revelation 19:11-21, at the JESUS ADVENT 2.0 scene we know as ARMAGEDDON!! We will soon see and know. These 7 mysterious days of blood are worthy of their own research and future post. There were no new plagues during these mysterious 7 days.
Day 11, Nisan 3, 1447 BCE. Yahweh orders Moses and Aaron to go before Pharaoh again on day 11, Exodus 8:1-2, “And Yahweh spoke to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says Yahweh: “Let My people go, that they may serve Me. 2But if you refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all your territory with frogs.” This encounter resulted in plague judgment number 2 against Egypt, frogs. The magicians also counterfeited this miracle. Pharaoh was so affected by the frogs, that he called Moses back in, verse 8, “Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, “Entreat Yahweh that He may take away the frogs from me and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may sacrifice to Yahweh.”” In verse 9, Moses gave Pharaoh the choice as to when Yahweh should remove the frogs, Pharaoh chose tomorrow, in verse 10, “So he [Pharaoh] said, “Tomorrow.” And he [Moses] said, “Let it be according to your word, that you may know that there is no one like Yahweh our Mighty One.”
Day 12, Nisan 4, 1447 BCE. Yahweh kills all the frogs on land, so they remained in the rivers only, they stink up all of Egypt, and Pharaoh then again hardens his heart, Exodus 8:11-15. As a result of Pharaoh’s hard heart, Yahweh plagues Egypt with lice. Verses 16-18, “So Yahweh said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the land, so that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.’” 17And they did so. For Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and struck the dust of the earth, and it became lice on man and beast. All the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
18Now the magicians so worked with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not. So there were lice on man and beast.” This is plague judgment number 3 against Egypt, lice. The magicians could not counterfeit this miracle, so they knew this was a judgment from Yahweh, verse 19, “Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of a Mighty One.” But Pharaoh’s heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, just as Yahweh had said.” Notice that the Scriptures do not say the lice were ever removed from Egypt. Yahweh speaks again, verse 20, “And Yahweh said to Moses, “Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes out to the water. Then say to him, ‘Thus says Yahweh: “Let My people go, that they may serve Me.”
Day 13, Nisan 5, 1447 BCE. Moses obeys Yahweh’s command from verse 20 and proclaims before Pharaoh the plague of flies against Egypt, in verses 20-23, “23I will make a difference between My people and your people. Tomorrow this sign shall be.” There were no plagues on Nisan 5.
Day 14, Nisan 6, 1447 BCE. Exodus 8:24, “And Yahweh did so. Thick swarms of flies came into the house of Pharaoh, into his servants’ houses, and into all the land of Egypt. The land was corrupted because of the swarms of flies.” This is plague judgment number 4 against Pharaoh and Egypt, flies. The judgment of flies was so nasty that Pharaoh asked Moses to intercede for him in verses 25-28. Moses does intercede, but states that the flies won’t be removed until tomorrow, verse 29, “Then Moses said, “Indeed I am going out from you, and I will entreat Yahweh, that the swarms of flies may depart tomorrow from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. But let Pharaoh not deal deceitfully anymore in not letting the people go to sacrifice to Yahweh.””
Day 15, Nisan 7, 1447 BCE. The plague of flies is removed by Yahweh at Moses’ request, per Exodus 8:30-31. Pharaoh hardens his heart again in verse 32 and does not let the Israelites go. Moses is told to go before Pharaoh again today to declare a deadly pestilence against Egyptian livestock only in Exodus 9:1-5, “Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says Yahweh Mighty One of the Hebrews: “Let My people go, that they may serve Me. 2For if you refuse to let them go, and still hold them, 3behold, the hand of Yahweh will be on your cattle in the field, on the horses, on the donkeys, on the camels, on the oxen, and on the sheep—a very severe pestilence. 4And Yahweh will make a difference between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt. So nothing shall die of all that belongs to the children of Israel.”’” 5Then Yahweh appointed a set time, saying, “Tomorrow Yahweh will do this thing in the land.”” There were no new plagues on Egypt on Nisan 7.
Day 16, Nisan 8, 1447 BCE. The livestock pestilence hits today, Exodus 9:6-7, “So Yahweh did this thing on the next day, and all the livestock of Egypt died; but of the livestock of the children of Israel, not one died. 7Then Pharaoh sent, and indeed, not even one of the livestock of the Israelites was dead. But the heart of Pharaoh became hard, and he did not let the people go.” This was plague judgment number 5 against the Egyptians, pestilence on their livestock. Notice the power of Yahweh in these plagues, how He protected the Israelites from His judgment and wrath against the Egyptians only. He is awesome! Today, Moses is told to proclaim the next plague of boils also, verses 8-10, “So Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “Take for yourselves handfuls of ashes from a furnace, and let Moses scatter it toward the heavens in the sight of Pharaoh. 9And it will become fine dust in all the land of Egypt, and it will cause boils that break out in sores on man and beast throughout all the land of Egypt. 10Then they took ashes from the furnace and stood before Pharaoh, and Moses scattered them toward heaven. And they caused boils that break out in sores on man and beast.”” This was plague judgment number 6 from Yahweh against Egypt, boils. This time, Yahweh hardened Pharaoh’s heart, verse 12, “But Yahweh hardened the heart of Pharaoh; and he did not heed them, just as Yahweh had spoken to Moses.” I would caution all my readers against resisting Yahweh’s will. We are to walk humbly with our Mighty One. Today, Yahweh tells Moses to go see Pharaoh again tomorrow, verse 13, “Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh, and say to him, ‘Thus says Yahweh Mighty One of the Hebrews: “Let My people go, that they may serve Me.”
Day 17, Nisan 9, 1447 BCE. Listen to Yahweh’s warning to Pharaoh today in Exodus 9:14-15, “for at this time I will send all My plagues to your very heart, and on your servants and on your people, that you may know that there is none like Me in all the earth. 15Now if I had stretched out My hand and struck you and your people with pestilence, then you would have been cut off from the earth.” Moses then reminds Pharaoh that is was Yahweh Who raised him up as ruler over Egypt so Yahweh could show His power in him, verse 17 and Romans 9:17. Then Yahweh declares the next plague of hail, verses 18-19, “Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause very heavy hail to rain down, such as has not been in Egypt since its founding until now. 19Therefore send now and gather your livestock and all that you have in the field, for the hail shall come down on every man and every animal which is found in the field and is not brought home; and they shall die.” There was no new plague on Nisan 9.
Day 18, Nisan 10, 1447 BCE. Exodus 9:22-25, the plague judgment of hail, “Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt—on man, on beast, and on every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.” 23And Moses stretched out his rod toward heaven; and Yahweh sent thunder and hail, and fire darted to the ground. And Yahweh rained hail on the land of Egypt. 24So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, so very heavy that there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. 25And the hail struck throughout the whole land of Egypt, all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail struck every herb of the field and broke every tree of the field.” This is plague judgment number 7 from Yahweh against all the land of Egypt, fiery hail. Israel is spared in Goshen, verse 26. Pharaoh begged Moses to entreat Yahweh to stop the storm, verses 27-28. Notice the springtime language in verses 31-32. Pharaoh hardens his heart yet once more in verses 34-35. Moses and Aaron go in before Pharaoh again today, Exodus 10:1-3, and proclaim the next plague of locusts that will hit tomorrow and eat all remaining vegetation in the land of Egypt, verses 4-6, “4Or else, if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your territory.” The servants of Pharaoh are so terrified that they counsel Pharaoh to let the men of Israel go, verse 7. Pharaoh agrees to let the men of Israel go serve Yahweh, then drives Moses and Aaron from his presence, verse 11, “Not so! Go now, you who are men, and serve Yahweh, for that is what you desired.” And they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.” Yahweh’s response to this insolence was to command Moses to stretch out his hand and bring on the locusts with an east wind that blew the rest of Nisan 10 and into the morning of Nisan 11, verses 12-13a.
Day 19, Nisan 11, 1447 BCE. Exodus 10:13b-15, “When it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. 14And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and rested on all the territory of Egypt. They were very severe; previously there had been no such locusts as they, nor shall there be such after them. 15For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they ate every herb of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. So there remained nothing green on the trees or on the plants of the field throughout all the land of Egypt.” This is plague judgment number 8 against the land and people of Egypt, locusts. This plague finished off the agricultural base economy of Egypt. The plague is so severe, Pharaoh calls for Moses “in haste” verse 16. Moses prayed and Yahweh sent a “very strong west wind” and blew the locusts into the Red Sea, verses 18-19. Yahweh hardened Pharaoh’s heart in verse 20. Moses immediately commands Moses to stretch out his hand and bring on the 3 day plague of darkness over all the land of Egypt, only Goshen had light for the Israelites, verses 21-23, “Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, darkness which may even be felt.” 22So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. 23They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days. But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.” This is plague judgment number 9 from Yahweh against Pharaoh and Egypt, darkness for 3 days. Egypt was in darkness from the morning of Nisan 11, through the 12th and 13th, to the morning of Nisan 14, three whole days, or 72 hours exactly! Check out Amos 8:9 for an end time type and shadow comparison!
Day 20, Nisan 12, 1447 BCE. Thick darkness that could be felt.
Day 21, Nisan 13, 1447 BCE. Thick darkness that could be felt. The Scriptures reveal no details from Nisan 12 and 13, probably because of the plague of darkness over all Egypt. The darkness timeline went like this: late morning of Nisan 11 to late morning of Nisan 12 = 24 hours, day 1 of darkness; late morning of Nisan 12 to late morning of Nisan 13 = 24 hours, day 2 of darkness; late morning of Nisan 13 to late morning of Nisan 14 = 24 hours, day 3 of darkness. Let’s move forward then to Nisan 14, Passover!!
Day 22, Nisan 14, 1447 BCE. Light returns to Egypt by late morning, or at least by noon. Pharaoh calls Moses back again and agrees to let them go, if only they would leave behind their flocks and herds, which Egypt desperately needed to feed themselves, Exodus 10:24, “Then Pharaoh called to Moses and said, “Go, serve Yahweh; only let your flocks and your herds be kept back. Let your little ones also go with you.”” Think about it, Pharaoh could have allowed the Israelites to go at any point in this judgment and thus avoided many, if not all, of these plagues!! Moses’ powerful response, verses 25-26, “But Moses said, “You must also give us sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to Yahweh our Mighty One. 26Our livestock also shall go with us; not a hoof shall be left behind. For we must take some of them to serve Yahweh our Mighty One, and even we do not know with what we must serve Yahweh until we arrive there.”” Verse 27, Yahweh hardens Pharaoh’s heart yet again! Pharaoh then explodes into a rage, verses 28, “Then Pharaoh said to him, “Get away from me! Take heed to yourself and see my face no more! For in the day you see my face you shall die!”” Of course the curse came back on Pharaoh instead, but Moses stated in verse 29, “So Moses said, “You have spoken well. I will never see your face again.”” Yahweh continues to speak to Moses in Exodus 11:1-3, then tells him to speak His final message to Pharaoh, verses 4-8, “Then Moses said, “Thus says Yahweh: ‘About midnight [which then would be Nisan 15 by Hebrew reckoning!] I will go out into the midst of Egypt; 5and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, . . . 7But against none of the children of Israel shall a dog move its tongue, against man or beast, that you may know that Yahweh does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.’ 8And all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, ‘Get out, and all the people who follow you!’ After that I will go out.” Then he [Moses] went out from Pharaoh in great anger.” Verse 10, Yahweh hardened Pharaoh’s heart again, so He could destroy Egypt!
Beginning at about noon on Nisan 14, in Exodus 12:1-20, Yahweh lines out the Passover instructions for the children of Israel, verse 6, “Now you shall keep it [the Passover lamb] until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight [towards the end of the 14th; the Hebrews kill the lamb between 3-6 pm].” Verses 21-28, the children of Israel did as Moses said, and celebrated their first Passover! There was no new plague on Nisan 14.
Day 23, Nisan 15, 1447 BCE. After sunset, at the beginning of Nisan 15, the Hebrews eat their Passover meal, stay indoors, under the covering of the blood of the lamb. Notice they eat unleavened bread on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread! Exodus 12:29, “And it came to pass at midnight that Yahweh struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock.” This was the final plague judgment number 10 against Pharaoh and all of Egypt, death of the Egyptian firstborn. Pharaoh and Egypt are crushed by this final judgment in the middle of the night of Nisan 15, and Pharaoh finally lets the children of Israel go, verses 30-32, “So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31Then he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise, go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve Yahweh as you have said [Yahweh’s word wins out]. 32Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said [Yahweh’s word wins out], and be gone; and bless me also.”” So, after being plundered and enslaved by the Egyptians for over 150 years, verse 36c, “Thus they plundered the Egyptians.” Verses 40-41, “Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt [Samaritan Pentateuch and Septuagint read Egypt and Canaan.] was four hundred and thirty years. 41And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years—on that very same day [Nisan 15, Numbers 33:3]—it came to pass that all the armies of Yahweh went out from the land of Egypt.” The 430 year sojourn of Israel in Canaan and Egypt began when Abram was 85 years old (see Gen. 16:3, 16) and received the covenant in Genesis 15, at the pieces offering covenant ceremony. Israel was enslaved by the Pharaoh that arose after Joseph’s death, Exodus 1:8, “Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.” Joseph died about 155 years before the Exodus, so the Hebrew children were physically in slavery for about 155 years.
Now I want you to see something interesting between Exodus and Revelation. Here in the Exodus story, we see 10 judgments against Egypt over 21 days of tribulation. In Revelation, we see 21 judgments against the world over 10 days of tribulation, well, at least in Revelation 2:10, “Do not fear any of those things which you are about to suffer. Indeed, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and you will have tribulation ten days. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.” The 21 judgments being 7 seals, 7 trumpets, and 7 bowls of wrath. We know the Tribulation will last at least 3 ½ years, but I thought I would let you see Yahweh’s upside down Kingdom! The Exodus story is a reverse mirror image of the tribulation days in Revelation! Pretty cool, huh?
Now, consider the Exodus story. If we take the Exodus story as a type and shadow of the end times, which we do, does it teach a pre-tribulation rapture viewpoint, or a post-tribulation rapture viewpoint? When do the Israelites get delivered (Raptured/Resurrected in Revelation language), before, during, or after the judgment of Yahweh? Obviously, they got delivered AFTER the 21 days of Yahweh’s 10 judgments. Sorry pre-tribbers. Also, Exodus portrays the Spring Feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread. Yeshua fulfilled these spring feasts as our sinless Passover Lamb, delivering us from the penalty of sin, so Yeshua will not be returning to earth at the JESUS ADVENT 2.0 event during the spring Feasts of Yahweh. Holy Spirit fulfilled the spring Feast of Shavuot, called Pentecost. A rapture/resurrection at Shavuot would be a nice touch, and could happen, if Yahweh wills. Since Yeshua fulfilled the spring Feasts of Yahweh at His JESUS ADVENT 1.0, we need to look to the fall Feasts for a picture of the JESUS ADVENT 2.0.
What I believe we need to do with the Exodus type is overlay its principles over the time period of the Fall Feasts and see its final fulfillment during those Feasts. According to this Exodus type, I believe we will see Yeshua return to earth on a future Elul 23, a day and hour on which we do not expect to see anything prophetic fulfilled. The 7 days of blood from Exodus 7:25 seems to picture the bloody war of Armageddon in Revelation 19:11-21.Then we will experience Yeshua’s coronation as our Great King on a future Tishri 1, during these same 7 mysterious blood-covered days found in Exodus 7:25. From Tishri 1 through Tishri 10, we’ll see Yahweh pour out His wrath on wicked mankind, while we’re totally and safely protected by the glory of Yahweh. Then we will experience the marriage supper of the Lamb on a future Tishri 15, the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles. What we see here is 23 days of the final glorious deliverance of the children of Yahweh, beginning on a future Elul 23! Now, what if day 23, Tishri 15, is the blessed day 1,335 of the end time timeline from Daniel 12:12, “Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days.” I believe the first 23 days of the Exodus story reveal exactly that!! I believe the Exodus type reveals that we will be raptured/resurrected on a future Tishri 15, day 1,335 on Daniel’s timeline. The children of Yahweh inherit the Kingdom of Yahweh on our wedding day, Tishri 15, and celebrate it for the 7 days of the Feast of Tabernacles! Then the 8th Great Day of the Feast, Tishri 22, begins Yeshua’s 1,000 year reign on earth, a glorious new beginning! I can’t wait for the Exodus type to be fulfilled in our day. Praise Yahweh!
To try to use the Exodus story as a type and shadow of a pre-tribulation rapture/resurrection is heretical and false teaching. What we see in Exodus is a post-tribulation (AFTER 155 years of slavery = 7 years of Tribulation) rapture/resurrection. Our final deliverance and redemption is complete on day 23, Tishri 15!!
Gene Benjamin II
November 6, 2012 CE